MeteorJS on Raspberry Linux ARM
Probably in the future we'll have cluster of autobalanced low power arm servers, in the meanwhile we have the Raspberry Pi, which is already a quite popular computer to be a media center or an hackable/silent/small/cheap home server.
The Meteor framework is quite easy to install on a mainstran architecture x86_64 with GNU/Linux or OSX as operative system,.. unfortunatly it is a bit more complicated on Windows, FreeBSD or Linux ARM.
Let's see some issues you could find installing MeteorJS on Linux ARM.
Raspbian Debian or Archlinux ARM?
I like Debian/Ubuntu stability and PPA repository for bleding-edge software, but on ARM I chose Archlinux ARM for its systemd and MongoDB 2.6.1 out-of-the-box support. Yes, currently only Arch packages MongoDB on ARM probably because there are some open issues mainstream.
sudo pacman -Sy nodejs mongodb python2 make gcc
Python2 and the gcc are there because you need to recompile some x86_64 native stuff bundled with meteor_apps to ARM/32-bit architecture.
Where is NodeJS 0.10.28 for Linux ARM?
Arch packages Node 0.10.30-1, MeteorJS needs Node 0.10.29, but Node 0.10.29 binaries are missing on ARM. The official NodeJS site ship node-v0.10.28-linux-arm-pi.tar.gz, so what to do?
Install the distro nodejs package from the distro and use "n" to switch to another binary release.
sudo npm install -g n
sudo n v0.10.28
Fix MongoDB on ARM
Yes, Archlinux installs MongoDB but it has broken permissions :( and even if you fix it it still dies without error codes :((
Here is a quick workaround hack, run mongodb as root :D
Description=High-performance, schema-free document-oriented database
ExecStart=/usr/bin/mongod --quiet --config /etc/mongodb.conf --dbpath /var/lib/mongodb
And now it should be up and running :)
sudo systemctl start mongodb
sudo systemctl status mongodb
- mongodb.service - High-performance, schema-free document-oriented database
Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/mongodb.service; enabled)
Active: active (running) since Wed 2014-08-13 10:02:45 CEST; 13s ago
Main PID: 531 (mongod)
`-531 /usr/bin/mongod --quiet --config /etc/mongodb.conf --dbpath /var/lib/mongodb
Aug 13 10:02:45 alarmpi systemd: Starting High-performance, schema-free document-oriented database...
Aug 13 10:02:45 alarmpi systemd: Started High-performance, schema-free document-oriented database.
Aug 13 10:02:52 alarmpi mongod: 2014-08-13T10:02:52.276+0200
Aug 13 10:02:54 alarmpi mongod: 2014-08-13T10:02:52.721+0200 warning: 32-bit servers don't have journaling enabled by d...bility.
Aug 13 10:02:54 alarmpi mongod: 2014-08-13T10:02:52.738+0200
Hint: Some lines were ellipsized, use -l to show in full.
Fix Meteor specific node requirement
On the development computer you run
meteor bundle myapp.tgz, on the Raspberry home server
tar -xvzf myapp.tgz and you'll get a bundle/ directory with your meteor_app and node dependencies.
"These steps are needed everytime you update your app", so create a script if you plan to update your code often.
# recompile for ARM native meteor deps
cd bundle/programs/server/node_modules/ # or bundle/server/node_modules on older Meteor versions
rm -rf fibers bcrypt
npm install email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org
Downgrade nodejs to release compatible with MeteorJS and ARM architecture
open `bundle/programs/server/boot.js` and replace:
var MIN_NODE_VERSION = 'v0.10.29';
var MIN_NODE_VERSION = 'v0.10.28';
Now you should be able to run you app with:
PORT=3000 MONGO_URL=mongodb://localhost:27017/myapp node bundle/main.js
Persistence and boot startup with systemd
Cool the app works but I need it at boot and after mongodb! No prob.
Description=My cool Meteor app on Linux ARM Raspberry
User=root # if you want port 80
sudo systemctl start myapp
sudo systemctl enable myapp # to automatically start on boot or reboot
Done. You should see your app on http://my-pi-ip:3000 or http://my-pi-name.local:3000
And your app logs are at:
journalctl -u myapp
PS: the command to upgrade Archlinux "pacman -Syu" will "brick" your Raspberry installation,.. so if you want to upgrade all the packages choose carefully the package to update, like Linux kernel and low level libs.